Jaipur, 'The Pink City' as it is popularly known is geographically located in Rajasthan. Jaipur is now one of the most visited tourism destinations in India. Famous for centuries as a rich heritage and cultural hub, millions of travelers from all across the world come to enjoy a stimulating holiday in Jaipur. Jaipur city is named after the well-known Amer ruler Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II and it is now the capital of the state of Rajasthan in India. The current population of Jaipur as per latest census is nearly 6.66 million, which in turn makes Jaipur one of the most populated cities in India.
History of Jaipur
As per the historic evidences, the modern city of Jaipur was formed in 1727 by Jai Singh II King of Amer who ruled here from 1688 to 1743. Initially, the capital of Amer was Dausa, which lies about 51 km away from Jaipur. Later, Jaipur city was constructed under the guidance of the famous architect, Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, following the classical construction principles of Bharatiya Vastu Shastra.
Construction of the contemporary city of Jaipur was started in 1727 and it took almost 5 years to complete the major forts, stone paved roads, and the central square. Formation of this city was made in nine blocks, with two containing palaces and administrative buildings and the rest of the seven blocks for public occupancy. Jaipur had a rapid growth in the 19th century, when it had a population of about 1,60,000. Over the next several decades, Jaipur had grown into the form a modern city, serving now as the state capital and being a major business, tourist and cultural center.
Places to visit in Jaipur
The Hawa Mahal
This ancient building in the heart of Jaipur is a must visit place if you are travelling to Jaipur. Designed as a palace demonstration of the crown of Lord Krishna, it is full up with 953 small in wall windows or Jharokhas, as they are locally called, to discourage outsiders from looking at the royal women. The regal red adorned on the palace walls gives it a gorgeous look.
The Nahargarh Hills
With the dignified view in mind, Maharaja Jai Singh II built the fort palace considering safety and protection from enemies, formerly named Sudarshangarh. The charming view one gets from atop this mansion is unparalleled and unconquered. Located in the Aravali hills, this surely is a place that will offer you the glimpse of your life.
Jal Mahal is a eye soothing palace built in the middle of the Man Sagar lake by Jaipur's Rajput rulers. It is a classic and beautiful example of ancient Rajputana architecture. A glorious fusion of mughal and rajputana architecture, the Jal Mahal is truly a sight to behold. The beautiful birds add a rich tone of colourful nature to this palace. Enjoy your trip to the Jal Mahal with traditional boating and water leisures.
The Jaigarh Fort
This is an ultimate example of classic, fantastic design and architecture skills of the ancient Rajput rulers. Located on the Cheel Ka Teela in the immediate cape of the Aravali Hills, Jaigarh fort is a amazing location to spend some time at. Its lovely composition of red sandstone and pristine marbles is what sets it apart from any other fort of its kind. There are a few local temples here, such as the Ram Harihar mandir and the Kaal Bhairov mandir. Apart from these, it also boasts of the Jainava, the ancient "cannon on wheels" of the Rajput Royal bullets.
The Jantar Mantar
The Jantar Mantar is an equinoctal sundial in the soul of Jaipur, and doubles as a planetarium. Fixed with the biggest sundial of India, the monument is unparalleled in its flawless execution. A must visit for visitors with kids, as the maze here will entertain them beyond any bounds.
Best time to visit Jaipur
Jaipur is situated in a dry, semi-desert region, which has three different seasons. Only one season is suitable for visitors, therefore pre-planning is important before travelling to Jaipur. The three seasons of Jaipur are; a warm dry winter, an unbearably hot spring/summer and a brief but intense monsoon season. Unsurprisingly the best season to visit Jaipur is during the winter months, from early November through to February and this is the height of the tourist season.
How to reach Jaipur
How to reach Jaipur by Road
Jaipur, the pink city is linked with the all the major cities of India through the network of National Highways. There are non-AC and AC Volvo buses provided by Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation (RSRTC). Also, there are some private buses which are available from Dhaula Kuan in Delhi. There are some express buses which connect various cities and towns of Rajasthan such as Bundi, Kota, etc. to Jaipur. This city is also connected to Mumbai via Ajmer, Ahmedabad, Udaipur and Vadodara and is also well linked to Agra via bus.
How to reach Jaipur by Train
Jaipur is well connected to almost every part of India through the means of Indian Railways. There are three main railway junctions including Jaipur, the main station; Gandhinagar and Durgapara. Every train stops at Jaipur junction and a few of the trains stop at Gandhinagar and Durgapara.
How to reach Jaipur by Air
The Jaipur Airport is situated at Sanganer, 7 km and 10 km from the main city. It connects the city to all the major parts of India as well as some of the major overseas countries. It has the facility of daily domestic flights as well as international flights.
Jaipur Tour Packages
2 nights 3 days Jaipur Tour package
Jaipur-a city with a courteous past and admirable present, and feasibly the most beautiful destination in India if historical dream is the matter of concern. The capital of the largest Indian state - Rajasthan, Jaipur is neat and well-planned, and tenderlycalled as the 'Pink City'.
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