History of Himachal Pradesh
Since the land's beginning, Himachal Pradesh has been sheltered with several civilizations. Starting from about 2 million years ago, when aboriginal humans roamed the foothills of Kangra, Nalagarh and Sirmour to Indus Valley Civilization that thrived up to 1750 BC, Himachal Pradesh has always been an sustainable residence of ease nurturing lives.
Until the 19th century, Tourists only visit some of the chosen pilgrimage destinations. After the arrival of British in India and development of infrastructures in tourism sectors, then Himachal starts to earn more number of tourists by then. And by 80’s in 20th century, the tremendous boost takes place in tourism.
The history of Himachal Pradesh is very rich because there have been many dynasties in different periods since the beginning of civilization. First of all people of the Indus Valley Civilization came here. In the second or third millennium BC, those people came from the Ganga plains to find peaceful life here. Soon Mongolia occupied the area and then came to Arya.
According to Indian epic, Himachal Pradesh was a group of small districts and republics, which was a cultural unit of every state. After that Mughal came whose kings were Mahmud Ghaznavi, Sikandar etc. These people won this area and established their domination here.When their rule started to decline, the Gorkhas from Nepal captured this land. Soon during the Anglo-Nepal war, they lost this state to the British hands. The British became convinced of the beauty of this state they ruled this place from 1854 to 1914. After independence, in 1948, Himachal Pradesh was formed in association with 30 princely states when Punjab was geographically reorganized, some part went into it. In 1971, Himachal Pradesh emerged as the 18th state of the Indian Union.
Demographics of Himachal Pradesh:
The total population of Himachal Pradesh according to Census 2011, is 68,64,602 which is just insignificant level of the total population of the nation. Himachal Pradesh is one of those states with the most astounding Hindu population, around 90 percent. Among them, the principle networks are the Rajputs who had resulted in these present circumstances put long back and settled here since. The Brahmins and the Rathis additionally frame a noteworthy piece of the number of inhabitants in the state. The Ghirth people group or the Choudhary people group is mostly found in the Kangra area, they are generally the landowners who lease their properties to poor agriculturists for development and acquire income from them consequently. Alternate people group that stay here are the Kannets, Kolis, Gaddis, Gujjars, Lahaulis and Pangawals.
There is a solid position framework that wins in the country part of the state however it is changing with the appearance of innovation. Himachal Pradesh has a decent number of Tibetans remaining there and subsequently Buddhism is the following religion that is pursued unequivocally after Hinduism. They, being outcasts from Tibet, remain at the Lahaul and Kinnaur regions fundamentally as a group. Since the state imparts a typical limit to Punjab, a few people from the Sikh people group are found to remain in the towns and the urban areas. Muslims are the minority network in the state.
How to reach Himachal Pradesh
How to reach Himachal Pradesh by Road : The State is well connected via road to all the major cities of the country. Its route takes distance of 340km from Delhi via 117 km Chandigarh, and 240km from Dehradun. Its also well connected to Pathankot also.
How to reach Himachal Pradesh by Train : Due to the most of the hilly parts in the state, there are no more railway stations. But, Kalka is nearest i.e. 90km away to reach to Himachal Pradesh to explore major tourist spots in Himachal Pradesh. Regular trains come and go from Ambala to Kakla in a narrow-gauge line.
How to reach Himachal Pradesh by Air :
The nearest Airport in Himachal is in Kullu which have regular flights from Delhi to Kullu.
Best time to visit Himachal Pradesh:
A best time to visit Himachal Pradesh is summer season when the area enjoys an enormously enjoyable weather, infrequent downpours and pre-monsoon rainfalls especially in the month of June.
Even though monsoons are awesomely beautiful time, the state does become quite land-slide prone. Naturally, a large mass of tourists stay away, making housing easy to find. However, those who are keen on trekking and trailing other adventure sports, this probably isn't the best time to visit.
December to January is the coldest months here and the temperature drops down below zero often causing snowfall. If you like the fantasy of snow, then this is the perfect time to visit the state. Though snow packed roads might cause an interruption as parts of the state lose connectivity during these months.