West Bengal Travel Guide

West Bengal is a big state of India. This state is located on the east side of India. Before getting freedom, India used to call this state all Bengal. But after the country got independence, it was named West Bengal. Kolkata is the capital of this state and it is the largest city of this state. This state is called West Bengal in Bengali language.

History of West Bengal

This state is also found in Sanskrit literature, but the complete information of this kingdom is known only from the 3rd century BC when the emperor Ashoka ruled the kingdom of Yeh pour Maurya Empire. But as soon as the effect of the Maurya Empire was reduced, the chaos was spread over a large scale on the other side.

In the 4th century, the seas in this state ruled secretly. But after that the king of Pala dynasty used to rule Bengal in Bengal. But from the 13th century to the middle of the 18th century, when the British came to India, then only Muslims were ruling Bengal on that time. Bengal was under the control of the Sultan of Delhi, but governor used to do it independently.

In 1757, British officer Robert Clive defeated Nawab Sirajuddaula of Bengal in the battle of Plassey. Today this Plassey is known by all the names of Palashi. In 1765, Emperor Shah Alam 2 of North India had given British East India Company the civil rights of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa (Odisha). Giving civil rights means controlling that region and collecting all the revenue there.

From 1834, the governor general of Bengal was called by the Governor General of India, but in 1854 all the work was done to the lieutenant governor. Since then the British Government had separated from the Government of Bengal.

In 1874 Assam's government was removed from the hands of the lieutenant governor and handed over to the chief commissioner. In 1905, the British government had thought that Bengal's rule was not being seen properly, therefore they had decided to take up the welfare of Bengal but the Hindu people strongly opposed this decision but it has no effect on the government.

They made two parts of Bengal and placed Bengal, Bihar and Orissa in one part and separates East Bengal and Assam in the other part. But the people protested so much that the British government had to change this decision and in 1911 Bengal had to unite again.


nder the Indian Government Act of 1935, Bengal was made an autonomous province in 1937. Until 1947 till the creation of India and Pakistan, Bengal was in this condition. The eastern part of Bengal in which Muslims were more were made East Pakistan (later Bangladesh) and the western part was declared as West Bengal of India.

'Some Bihar' was included in Bengal in the year 1950. In 1956, on the basis of the creation of many states of India, West Bengal was given the territory of 3140 square miles (8130 sq km) from Bihar.

After the independence, the Indian National Congress (Congress) in West Bengal had a government for three decades. But in the election of the Legislative Assembly of 1977 the Communist Party (Marxist) had won and formed the government for the first time in the state.

For the longest time in the world, there was only a communist party to maintain a government in a democratic country and they had run the government in West Bengal from 1977 to 2011. But after the 2011 assembly elections, the All India Trinamool Congress Party formed the government for the first time in West Bengal.

The Trinamool Congress Party had formed the government in collaboration with the Congress party. Mamta Banerjee is the founder and leader of this Trinamool Congress. Mamta Banerjee is honored to be the first woman Chief Minister of West Bengal.

An Insight into West Bengal Tourism

West Bengal Tourism

Districts of West Bengal: A total of 23 districts are located in West Bengal. Their names are given below: Alipurduar, Bankura, Kalimpong, Birbhum, Burdwan, South Dinajpur, Darjeeling, Hooghly, Howrah, Jalpaiguri, Jhargram, Kolkata, Malda, Murshidabad, Nadiya, Som Bihar, North 24 Parganas, North Dinajpur, West Medinipur, East Medinipur, Purulia, South 24 Parganas, and West Burdwan.

West Bengal Language - West Bengal language: Bengali is the main language of West Bengal. Apart from the Bengali language, the people here speak in English and Hindi language too. Nepalese is the main language in Darjeeling (leaving Siliguri) and hill areas of Kalimpong district.

Cultural life of West Bengal: The art, literature, music and drama of the Bengali people are quite rich. People of West Bengal pay special attention to mostly terracotta and painting. The literature of the Bengali people is more than 12 centuries old.

In Bengal, Saint Chaitanya (1485-1533) had also initiated the Chaitanya movement of Hindu religion through his poetry, and due to his work only due to this, he was seen to be very bad. To do this, Rabindranath Tagore of West Bengal could also become a great poet and he was also awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.

A lot of religious and cultural songs are made in Bengal and they are kept well. Rabindranath Tagore has written many songs by the name 'Ravindrasangeet' and all his songs are considered to be the important part of India's classical music and traditional music, which includes baul songs. They have had a great influence on the cultural life of Bengal.

Bengal is mostly famous for theatrical and it is a good idea to take part in theater in all the types of people. Traveling in the villages and towns of Bengal is done on a large scale. All people in Yeh pour village make poetry on time only, dispute with each other through them. Based on folklore here, there is a religious tradition called storytelling in the village here.

West Bengal is also ahead in entertainment. Bengali films are also praised on national and international level. Great director like Satyajit Ray, Tapan Sinha, Mrinal Sen, Aparna Sen, is the only one in West Bengal.

The history of West Bengal is quite long and glorious. This state has got great rulers like Sirajuddaula. West Bengal has also been a major contributor to the cultural sector. Great poet like Rabindranath Tagore is from West Bengal itself.

He has been a major contributor to the field of literature. Gitanjali was created for his great literature and for which he was also awarded the Nobel Prize. A big event is organized in the villages and towns of West Bengal and people take part in it in a large number.

How to reach West Bengal

Settled on India's eastern shore, West Bengal is notable for to offer a blend of marvels. Directly from lovely slope stations to baffling Sundarbans, brilliant sanctuaries to the principal hints of British province, there is much on offer for explorer. To investigate more, find out about how to achieve West Bengal. All around associated with different urban areas of India and the world by means of rail, street and air, look at subtleties.

How to reach West Bengal by Road : There is a broad street arrange covering the state. The state is associated with various pieces of the nation by means of National and state interstates. West Bengal is effectively open by means of neighboring states like Orissa, Bihar and Jharkhand.

How to reach West Bengal by Train : The state is notable for its great rail network with various pieces of the nation. Principle railheads are Howrah railroad station and Sealdah rail line station. Both the rail intersections are situated in the capital city Kolkata. At that point, there is New Jalpaiguri railroad station, situated close to Siliguri. Trains associate nearly alcove and corner of the state. Indeed, the Darjeeling Toy Train, an UNESCO World Heritage Site is a beautiful rail venture taking to the slope station Darjeeling.

How to reach West Bengal by Air : There are two air terminals in West Bengal-Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport, situated in Kolkata and Bagdogra air terminal is a household air terminal situated in Bagdogra city. Ordinary flights work from significant urban communities of the nation and the world. From the air terminal, sightseers can take prepares, cabs or transports to achieve their goal.

Best time to visit West Bengal:

West Bengal is dabbed with various excellent goals. These goals make West Bengal, a standout amongst the most visited states in India. The spot offers extraordinary chances to each voyager to investigate its excellence, social legacy and design wonders. This is the reason, individuals visit the spot from the whole way across the world. The best time to visit the spot is amid the winter season as the climate stays cool and lovely.

Maps of West Bengal

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