Odisha This state comes to the east of India. It was first recognized by the name of Orissa and in the northeast of this state it seems like big states like West Bengal, Jharkhand in the north, and Chhattisgarh in the west and Andhra Pradesh in the south. Odisha is ranked number 3 in the whole of India in terms of the number 9 and the number of the tribes in terms of area of the region.
History of Odisha
In 261 BC, when the Emperor Ashoka of the Mauryan Empire played the war in Kalinga. He was nervous by the loss due to this fight and that was why he decided to leave the battle with Kalinga's army and later he accepted the given Buddhist religion.
In the 4th century Ashapura was the rule of the Gupta Empire. The Bhumkarka dynasty and later the Som dynasty ruled till about 10th century. In the 13th and 14th centuries, the rule of Muslim Sultan was ruled by Odisha and their state continued till 1568. After that Mughals rule was going on till Aurangzeb died.
After the Mughals, the Nawab of Hyderabad and later the Maratha Empire ruled Odisha on Odisha and in the last 1803 East India Company took possession of Odisha.
And on 1st April 1936, Odisha state was established and most of the people here speak Oriya language. That's why Odisha Day (Utkal Din) is celebrated on 1st April. This region is also called Utkal and its name also comes in our national song "Jana Gana Mana".
In 1135, Anantavarman Chhodaganga made Cuttack the capital of this state and since then this city was the capital of many Raja Maharaj. The British used it as the capital of Odisha until 1948. After that Bhubneshwar was made the capital of Odisha.