Kumbhalgarh Fort

Kumbhalgarh Fort is located in Kelwara Tehsil of the Rajsamand district, Udaipur. It is about 80 km northwest of Udaipur. The distance is between the Aravalli mountain range. Due to its strategic importance, it is classified as the second important fortress of Rajasthan. The credit for its construction goes to Maharana Kumbha, who built it from 1443 to 1458 under the supervision of the famous architect Mandan. It is believed that this fort was built on the site of the old palace, which was associated with Prince Jain 'Samprati' of the second century BCE.


Building - Kumbhalgarh occupies a special place not only in Rajasthan but in all the fortifications of India. 70 km from Udaipur, 1087 meters above sea level and 30 km. This fort extended in Vyas is a unique monument of understanding and talent of Maharana Kumbha de Mewar. The construction of this fort was completed in 1458 after 14 years, from 1443 on the remains of the fort built by Samprati, the second son of Emperor Ashoka. At the end of the construction of the fort, Maharana Kumbha also minted the coins, in which the fort and its name were inscribed. According to Vastushastra's rules, this fort has an entrance, walls, reservoirs, crisis doors to exit, palaces, temples, residential buildings, yagna altars, pillars and awnings, etc.


The structure - The gate called 'Aareth Pol' of Fort Kumbhalgarh is built by climbing a 700-foot-high canal some distance west of the city of Kelawada. He was always watched by the state. At a distance of approximately one mile (1.6 km) from this place is 'Halla Pol', from where walking a little more you can go to 'Hanuman Pol'. There is an idol of Hanuman, a devotee of Lord Shri Ram, installed by Maharana Kumbha near Hanuman Pol. After this comes a door called 'Vijay Pol', where part of the earth is flat and another is low. From here, the peak of a hill has reached a great height. The highest part of the fortress remains in it. This place is called 'Kahargarh'. After proceeding from Vijay Pol, Bhairavpole, Lime Pol, Chaugan Pol, Pagda Pol and Ganesh Pol.


Temple building style - Many temples of Hindus and Jains are built on the flat land near Vijay Pol. The temple built by Neelkanth Mahadev is known for its high terrace here. Temples with such terraces are often not found. Historians like Colonel Todd call this style of temple Greek (Greek) style. But many scholars disagree with this.


Place of sacrifice - The altar is another notable place here, Maharana Kumbha. Those who had knowledge of the trade had built it biblically for the purpose of Yajna, etc. In Rajputana, this is the only monument left in the ancient places of Yajna. Its building has the form of a two-story building, on which a dome is built. There is a smoke supply from the bottom of this dome that is open from all four sides. Yagya de Kumbhalgarh's reputation was also made on this altar. There are large palaces in the highest part of the fortress.


Groove and Praise - The land below contains 'Bhaliwan' (Bawdi) and 'Mamadeva ka Kund'. Maharana Kumbha was killed at the hands of his eldest son Uday Singh (Uda) sitting in this pond. Maharana built a temple of Lord Vishnu called 'Kumbhaswamy' near this pond in a place called 'Mamavat', which is still in a broken state. Many idols of avatars, goddesses, Prithvi, Prithviraj, etc. of Vishnu settled outside the temple. Frog had also praised the five rocks, in which he gave the genealogy of the kings of Mewar, a brief introduction of some of them and a detailed description of their different victories. The place of VeevarPrithviraj, the famous son of Rana Raymal, is located near Mamawat. On the flat ground in front of the Ganesh Pol is the vaulted palace and the place of the goddess. Rani Jhali's palace in Maharana Uday Singh was on some steps and from here, it was called 'Mali de Jhali'. The palace built in front of Ganesh Pol is very good. Being tall, it stays cool even during summer days.

Kumbhalgarh Fort

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