Chennai Travel Guide

Chennai (Madras) is the capital of Tamil Nadu and is India's fourth largest city. Before 1996, the city was called Madras. Chennai is one of the port cities on the banks of the Bay of Bengal. It is home to about 10 million (1 crore) people, one of the 35 largest metropolitan cities in the world. Since the English footprint in the 17th century, Chennai has grown to become a major city. Chennai is regarded as the gateway to South India. Marina Beach is one of the longest beaches in the world. Chennai is home to the Tamil film industry known as Kollywood. Many sports competitions are held in Chennai in many sports stadiums.

History of Chennai

Chennai has a long history. Since the 1st century AD, Chennai has been considered a major site in the Pallava, Chola and Vijayanagar empires. Traders and religious teachers from overseas have come through the coast of Chennai. This area was originally a small village called Chennapattana.

The city was one of the identities of Tamils on August 22, 1639. On that day, the French company, Andrés Gogan of the East India Company, now with their assistant Perthimmappa, now bought the St George Castle. The place was known as Chepanappinam in the north of the fort in memory of Chennappa Naikan, the father of Ayyappan and Venkatappan who sold the place to them.

While the city of Chennai grew in the aftermath of the construction of St George Fort in 1639, the towns of Tiruvallikhenai, Mylapore, Thiruvottiyur and Thirumanimoor are centuries old. Mylapore is the main port of the Pallava government in Chennai. One of Jesus' companions, St. Thomas who think that the people have come here from 52 to 70 in numbers. The Portuguese arrived in the 16th century and established a port in the name of Santhom (San Tama - "Holy Thomas") in 1522. Then it was handed over to the Dutch in 1612.

In 1639, the British East India Company's agents, Francis Day and Andrew Gogan, were selected as the residence of the British.

St George's Fortress was built a year later. The settlement was centered on the British settlement. The villages of Thiruvallikani, Purasivakkam, Ezhampur and Chettupadu accompanied by Chennapattinam which were associated with this.

In 1522, the Poles came here to build the St. Thomas Fort. The area was followed by the Pope. Their settlement was established in 1612 in the northern part of present-day Pulicat. The first city of Chennai was declared by King James II in 1688. Thus making Chennai the first municipality of India, Robert Clive of the East India Company used it as a base for operations. It later became known as the "Madras Province", one of the four provinces in the Indian residential area of the British Government.

In 1746, the French Fortress was captured by the Fort of St. George and Chennai. In 1749 they were again accommodated by the British. After that, the city of Chennai was greatly developed. The major cities in India were connected by train to Chennai. After independence in 1947, Madras became the capital of Madras province. The Madras Province was renamed Tamil Nadu in 1969. The name of the city was renamed Madras as Chennai in 1996.

A few years after the Indian Independence, when the division of the states in 1956 was a part of Tamil Nadu, the capital of the state was Madras. The Madras name was changed by the Portuguese and the Government of Tamil Nadu changed in 1966 to Madras. The Venkatapathy brothers demanded that the city be brought to Chennai by the name of their father, 'Chennappa Naicker', because the British bought the fort of the Fort George from the Venkatapati brothers. Thus, the Fort of George Fort and its surrounding area are called Chennai.

An Insight into Chennai Tourism

Places to Visit in Chennai

Marina Beach - is the second most beautiful and longest beach in the world which is 13 kilometers long. Statues of Kannagi and Kamarajar are also kept on the shores of Tamilnadu, Thiruvalluvar Veeramanivar, Bharathiar and Bharathidasan. Mahatma Gandhi has been placed as a crown to all things. There is a lighthouse near this statue. Marina Beach also includes Anna Swimming Pool, Marina Swimming Pool and Aquarium which is the most important tourist attraction in the city.

Ice House – opposite to Marina Beach. During the rule of the British, the ice tusks were brought from England and stored here as the Ice House. It is now called Vivekananda House. The Ramakrishna Math is maintaining this building.

Santhome - located in the southern part of the Marina coast. Not only is Chennai but one of the largest churches in Asia. The church was built by the Portuguese in the 16th century and is named after Saint Thomas the disciple of Jesus Christ.

Elliot's Beach - is the southern boundary of the Marina coast. In the city of Besant. Ashtakashchumi Temple and Velankanni Mata Temple are located on this beach.

Adayiram Banyan Tree - Adyar is located on the banks of the Adyar River at the Brahmagana council complex. More than 100 years old, the bottom of the Banyan tree, which is old enough to be aged, has recently been ripped off in another place.

The Brahmagana Sabha - the Brahmagana council office is the International Headquarters of the Brahmagana Sabha. It is about 120 acres of land. The library contains books that explain the life and teachings of the world's best spiritual leaders.

Demographics of Chennai

The population of Chennai is about 7.45 million. Here, 24,418 people live in a square kilometer. There are 948 women for a thousand males. The literacy rate is 80.14%. The 25 percent of the city dwell in the hut areas.

Best Time to Visit Chennai

Being one of the main religious capital city urban areas in India, Chennai is an important group for its ancient culture and workmanship. The topographical area on the amazing beach for the most part keeps the city's climate warm and light. As a result, the best time to go to Chennai is before winter and winter season, for example between October and February. This time is considered to be the best time to investigate the metropolitan city because in the summer there is singing and the storm-storms bring heavy devastation and violent winds.

How to Reach Chennai

How to reach Chennai by Air: Chennai Airport is well connected to other cities in India as well as South and South East Asia, Gulf States, Europe and North America. Chennai airport is the most used cargo airport in India.

How to reach Chennai by Train : Chennai Central, Chennai Egmore and Tambaram are major railway stations in Chennai. Chennai Central is used by trains coming to other states of India. Chennai Egmore is used by trains coming to other cities of Tamil Nadu. Now the Tambaram Railway Station in Madras has also been converted to Third Front of Chennai.

The Chennai suburban rail division is divided into four lines. The Chennai Central - Arakkonam, Chennai Central - Gummidipoondi, Chennai Beach - Tambaram, Tambaram - Chengalpattu forward. Apart from this, a flying train project is being implemented in Chennai Beach - Velachery Margam. Construction on other routes is taking place.

How to reach Chennai by Road : There are good roadways available to Chennai from other cities in India. Five national highways link Chennai to Kolkata, Bangalore, Trichy, Pondicherry and Tiruvallur. The Chennai Suburban Bus Terminus in Coimbatore is the largest bus station in Asia.

The municipal transport corporation operates as a public transport facility connecting Chennai and surrounding areas. About 2773 buses connect the area of Chennai with 375 routes. Hundreds of restaurants are operated across the city on behalf of the Metropolitan Transport Corporation. Besides, tens of thousands of auto and foot taxis run in the city.

State buses and private buses run all the major cities of Tamil Nadu and Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.

Chennai Map

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